Long ago a chimney sweep who lived in Kampen, was always very busy. He crept down the chimney, sneezed a few times and dashed off to the next house. On the pretext of "oh, that poor man, so dirty, he must be tired and hungry", the kind maids always gave him something nice to eat. But after a few weeks the man needed a new pair of trousers because the old pair had become too...
Odd or amusing tales, dark forces, ghosts and voices. The Zuiderzee region has a wealth of mysterious tales to tell.
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Jan Pieterszoon Coen
This heartless Calvinist was born in 1587. He is considered to be the founding father of the Dutch rule in the Dutch East Indies. At the age of twenty, he went to the Far East in the pay of the United East India Company (VOC). Six years later, he became director-general of all offices of the Indies' archipelago; four years later he was appointed Governor....
The enclosure of the Zuiderzee
The best defense against the turbulent sea is the attack. This is probably what Cornelis Lely thought when he launched his plans for the enclosure of the Zuiderzee. He wanted to construct a 30-kilometer-long dike between the two Dutch provinces of Noord-Holland and Friesland. As a result, the enclosed part of the Zuiderzee would desalinate and...
For many centuries, the Zuiderzee was the throbbing heart of Holland. Its turbulent waters brought prosperity to many fishing and trading towns in the 17th century. Fishing boats plied back and forth with an abundance of fish. The ships of the VOC (United East India Company) brought back magnificent materials, spices, tea and gold from their long voyages to exotic destinations...
The history of Holland has known numerous memorable events and happenings in which the Zuiderzee has played a crucial part. The battle against the water was won by clever water management and land reclamation. The development of the shipping industry brought Holland fame and prestige through fishery, world trade and industry.
The Zuiderzee is irrevocably linked to the period...
What rock types are found here?
From which regions in Scandinavia did they come?
The rocks represent the edge moraines that were left here at the end of the Saalien.
The glacial till, consisting of mostly grey boulder clay and erratics of all sizes, was found to vary in thickness and composition.
Probably the till was also composed of the remains of many previous ice...
Flora and fauna moved in and flourished: now an eldorado for mosses, lichens, mushrooms, ferns, orchids.
Amphibians like frogs and newts
Birds such as woodpecker, buzzard, owl, many songbirds
Fox, hedgehog, deer
The Rock Garden (Gesteentetuin) was started around 1982. Most rocks here were brought in by the farmers in the neighborhood and Urk.
Why was this wood planted?
Why were these rocks brought here to form an exposition?
Some areas of the polder were found to be unsuitable for agriculture, -- the boulder clay is too near the surface. Hence woods were planted.
In 1951 - 1954 the Schokkerbos was started:
On marine clays - Ash, Maple, Fir
On river clays overlaying peat - Fir
On boulder clay - Oak, Ash,...
From the Cretaceous this part of Europe was a depression.
From about 10 Mio ago there was a great river system, the East Baltic River System that deposited sediments here, up to a thickness of 3 kms. The (extinct) river is also called Eridanos. A delta system larger than the Amazone river system today. It also gave shape to the Baltic Sea.
From about 2 Mio ago the Ice Ages...
Schokland (mun. Noordoostpolder) is a former island in the Dutch Zuiderzee. Schokland lost its status as an island when the Noordoostpolder was reclaimed from the sea in 1942. The remains are still visible as a slightly elevated part in the polder and by the still partly intact retaining wall of the waterfront of 'Middelbuurt'.
Schokland, an island in time
Schokland is a...
1814: First Constitution of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
1815: United Kingdom of the Netherlands
1830: Belgium gains independence from the Kingdom
1839: Belgium recognized
1839: First railway line, from Haarlem to Amsterdam
1948-1952: Marshall Plan
1953: Disastrous flood in province of Zeeland
1948-1958: Drees Governments
1954: Self-government for Suriname and the Antilles
1963: General social security system
1966: Youth revolt
1973-1977: Den Uijl Government
1973: Oil crisis
1975: Independence Suriname
1982-1994: Lubbers Prime Minister
1994-1998: ‘Purple’ coalition Cabinet
1919: Troelstra’s revolution
1929: International economic crisis
1931: Establishment NSB, the Dutch Nazi party
1933-1939: Colijn Cabinets
1940: German invasion
1941: February strike
1941: Japanese invade Indonesia
1942-1945: Deportations of Jews
1944: The southern part of Holland is liberated, hunger winter
1945: Liberation of the rest of Holland and Indonesia
1873-1903: Aceh War
1879: ARP is established (Anti-Revolutionary Party)
1881: Social Democratic Council is established
1889: Subsidy for denominational elementary schools
1894: SDAP is established (Social-Democratic Labor Party)
1901: Housing law
1903: Railroad Strike
1917: All men are given the right to vote
1918: Establishment People’s Council in the Dutch East Indies